Visual Processing Disorder
Rogers Bridge » Visual Processing Disorder
Visual Processing Disorder, also called visual motor deficit or visual perception deficit, refers to a person’s ability to make sense of information that is taken through the eyes. Deficits in this area can impact how visual information is processed by the brain. Difficulties with visual motor skills may include slow reading, difficulty copying shapes, poor handwriting skills, difficulty finding information on a page, or being unable to complete puzzles.
This disorder is commonly mistaken for other disorders including dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia, and ADHD.
Signs of Visual Processing Disorder
Visual discrimination issues impact a person’s ability to determine the difference between similar looking letters, words, shapes, or objects. This may cause delays in reading fluency which can impact a person’s ability to comprehend what they have read.
Visual Figure-Ground Discrimination
Visual figure-ground discrimination describes a person’s ability to locate an object, form, or word within a busy field. This may describe a picture scene or a text with small print. They may have difficulty concentrating and be easily distracted during these activities.
Visual sequencing impacts a person’s ability to recall the order of letters, symbols, words, or pictures. A person may have difficulty reading words in order, misreading letters or numbers, remembering sight words or skipping lines during text when reading. They may also have difficulty organizing, solving and aligning numbers in math problems.
Individuals with visual-motor processing may have deficits using what they see with the eyes to coordinate with the way they move with other body parts. For example, knowing when to swing the bat after a pitcher throws the ball. These deficits can lead to difficulty copying information from the white board onto paper or a person may bump into objects while walking.
Long or Short Term Visual Memory
Long or short term visual memory is the ability to remember shapes, symbols, or objects a person has seen previously. Short term visual memory is the ability to recall something seen within a very short period of time and with little distraction or interference. Long term visual memory is the ability to recall something seen some time ago. This includes a person’s ability to copy information involving reading and spelling. A person may have difficulty with reading comprehension or performing well on tests.
Visual Spatial is the ability to understand where objects are in space such as “near” and “far.” A person may have issues knowing how close an object is to one another. This leads to difficulty identifying position in space, both of oneself as well as other objects. An individual may have difficulty writing or coloring inside the lines, spacing letters and words on a page when writing, judging time, or reading maps.
Visual closure is the ability to identify objects when only parts of it are showing. Individuals with this deficit may have difficulty identifying “part” versus “whole.” This can have a tremendous impact on spelling as it is difficult to recognize a word if a letter is missing.
Letter and Number Reversals
Letter and number reversals are when individuals switch numbers or letters when writing. This leads to difficulty in reading and math such as identifying different patterns and perceiving differences between similar letters or words. They may make many mistakes often such as “b” for “d” or “w” for “m”.
Does your child demonstrate any of these signs?
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