Activities of Daily Living
Rogers Bridge » Activities of Daily Living
Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) for children will depend on their age and level of development. For very young children, ADLs might include activities such as dressing and undressing, brushing teeth, and using the toilet. As children get older, they will be able to take on more responsibilities and learn new ADLs, such as bathing themselves, getting dressed without assistance, and preparing simple meals.
It is important for parents to help their children learn and practice ADLs as they grow and develop, as these skills are essential for maintaining independence and taking care of themselves as they get older. Children should be encouraged to be as independent as possible in their ADLs, while still receiving support and guidance as needed.
"I am especially thankful for Cristina's patience and experience with pediatric clients. My daughter progressed tremendously under her care." — Shacresa
Here are some examples of ADLs that children may be able to perform at different ages:
One to two years old: children at this age may be able to remove socks independently, alerts parents to soiled diapers, attempts to wash body parts while bathing, holds and drinks from an open cup with minimal spillage, and starts self-feeding using utensils with moderate spillage.
Two to three years old: Children at this age may be able to children at this age may be able to dress and undress with assistance, brush their teeth with supervision, and use the toilet with assistance.
Three to four years old: children at this age may be able to bathe independently but require assistance with washing hair, notifies about the need to use the toilet, and independently dresses themselves but requires assistance with fasteners.
Four to five years old: children at this age may be able to dress and undress independently, brush their teeth without supervision, and use the toilet independently. They may also be able to help with simple tasks such as setting the table and pouring their own drinks.
6 to 8 years old: children at this age may be able to take on more responsibilities, such as baiting themselves, making their own bed, and packing their own lunch. They may also be able to help with more complex tasks such as washing dishes and doing their own laundry.
9 to 12 years old: children at this age may be able to perform all of the ADLs listed above independently, as well as take on additional responsibilities such as preparing simple meals and managing their own schedule.
It is important to remember that every child is different and will develop at their own pace. It’s also important to provide age-appropriate tasks and responsibilities to help children build independence and develop their skills.
If you feel your child is not on target for acquiring the skills needed for ADLs, please contact us for an evaluation.
We would love to talk with you about how fine motor delays may be impacting your child. Our occupational therapists can help children improve their sensory processing. Call or email/contact us to discuss your child and how occupational therapy could benefit them.